Added: Vilma Carneal - Date: 24.01.2022 15:20 - Views: 12921 - Clicks: 8291
When the painting came to the conservation studio for treatment inthe its quality was revealed — as well as a hidden secret — and the big question was: could Titian have painted it himself? Titian Vecellio was an influential 16th century artist who ran a large studio with many assistants, including his son Orazio and other Vecellio family members.
Later artists, followers of Titian, copied his paintings and imitated his style. Untouched since the s, it had accumulated layers of sooty dirt and the varnish had yellowed with age.
This made the painting look dark. The dirt layers were dissolved using swabs of saliva and then cleaned away with swabs of de-ionised water. Any flaking paint was fixed with fish glue, using a warm metal spatula to lay the mistress search down. This revealed a different painting underneath, which came as a surprise since there was no brush texture on the surface to suggest a hidden painting.
The X-ray showed that the original painting depicted a seated semi-nude woman raising one hand to pluck a veil in her hair, and an mistress search second face on the right. Recent investigations have shown that the Courtauld painting is a copy from a now-lost composition by Titian. The X-ray also revealed that the artist or artists made changes to both the upper and lower paintings as they worked. This was normal practice for Titian and his studio assistants — they would develop a composition on the canvas, making ificant changes and in some cases re-using canvases.
If the painting was a copy made by a follower of Titian, it probably would not show as many changes. These samples revealed that the gesso ground, red underdrawing and pigments were consistent with Titian and his workshop. Along with the varnish, overpaint which had been added to the hair, fur and background to cover damage and abrasions was removed.
During this cleaning, the letter A emerged beneath the overpaint on the left edge of the painting. It was put under a microscope and, as it was cleaned, more letters emerged. The first part of the ature was damaged where the canvas had ly been folded, but the last letters were clearly visible. The painted letters were cracked in the same way as the background paint, implying that the ature was added at the same time. Titian regularly ed his best paintings and would only give the best workshop versions his stamp of approval.
Determining the attribution of this painting is problematic. First, the painting is quite damaged, with the final glazes of transparent paint lost to cleaning and lining processes.
Secondly, Titian trained his assistants to emulate his technique, so it is difficult to distinguish his work from theirs just by looking at the technique and materials. Mistress search are, however, weaker parts such as the right hand, jewellery and feathered cap, which are more likely to be by an assistant. These weaker areas make her appear a bit less accomplished than the best paintings by Titian.
In his later career, it was not uncommon for Titian to leave areas for his assistants to complete. Many people contributed to the research and discoveries. Who was Titian? English Heritage Trust. The image has been rotated to show the painting hidden underneath. A clue to the artist The X-ray also revealed that the artist or artists made changes to both the upper and lower paintings as they worked. Download the exhibition guide More about Titian at Apsley House Read the history of Apsley House Many people contributed to the research and discoveries.Mistress search
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